Software Development Types & Life Cycle

Software Development : Types & Life Cycle

Software development is a process by which standalone or individual software is created using a particular programming language, this process also involves writing a series of interrelated programming code that gives functionality to the software being developed.

For some people, software development is also commonly called application development or software design. Clearly, it is an iterative logical process aimed at creating software that is programmed to handle multiple purposes. Software development is also generally a planned initiative composed of various steps or stages that can result in the creation of operational software.

Software development itself can only be achieved through computer programming and includes processes starting from initial research, data and process flow design, flow diagrams, technical documentation, software testing, debugging, to other software architecture techniques, or it’s also commonly known as the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC).

Types of Software Development

There are many types of software development and often several types of developers will work together to bring about a project, here are several types of software development with different skills.

Frontend Development

Frontend developers will focus on the part of the product that interacts with the user directly, particularly with regard to the user interface (UI). For example, developers will work on things like the layout, visual aspects, and interactive elements of a website or application, although in this case the role of developers is not so synonymous with UI or user experience (UX) designers.

This type also allows developers to fix bugs and ensure that the UI can run on different browsers, the developer who is working on it must be very proficient and ready to work with backend developers.

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Backend Development

In contrast to frontend development, backend developers work with parts of the product that are not visible to user. Professionals in this job will build the various infrastructures that support a website, application, or program, with a focus on the functionality, system integration, and core logic of the program or application.

They will also work on a more complex base structure, ensuring robust performance, scalability, and security can work well. As we mentioned above, the frontend developer should also be ready to work closely with the frontend developer to create the final product.

Full-Stack Development

This type of developer will work on all aspects of the product, including the front and back. As a tip to become a successful full-stack developer, you must have strong programming skills and a variety of other soft skills, such as problem solving and critical thinking. In short, you and your team must be responsible for creating a full and complete product.

Web Development

Web development is defined as a process of building web applications, usually these are used via internet browsers on many devices. This type of software development is clearly different from a mobile application that runs on a phone or tablet and does not require an internet connection to run it, but web development includes both front and backend development. Professionals who work in this field can also generally become full-stack web developers.

Desktop Development

Desktop developers are exclusively responsible for creating applications that can run on desktop operating systems, such as Windows, Mac, and Linux. This is clearly different from a developer who creates an application for a phone, tablet, or other mobile device.

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professionals working in this field will specialize in iOS or Android development only, not dealing with both. This is also what often makes many companies will hire developers who are experts in only one type of tool, because professionals in this field tend to be more familiar with the intricacies of each type of development considering that the tools, frameworks and languages ​​tend to be different.

Database Development

Unlike database administrators who usually work with daily database maintenance or troubleshooting and implementing systems, database developers are actually responsible for building the database, modifying and designing programs, to ensure that the application or program is able to meet user requirements.

Sometimes, the roles of database administrator and developer seem to overlap each other, but of course it all depends on the needs of the client or the employer itself.

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing includes services, programs and applications that run on top of the cloud, that means they can be accessed remotely as long as the user has an internet connection and is logged in accordingly.

They offer many advantages, including scalability, even some developers only specialize in cloud computing i.e. cloud platform creation. Professionals in this field will build cloud applications and facilitate cloud deployment and migration, including managing cloud services and providing maintenance to users.

DevOps Engineering

Rarely heard of, but DevOps is a set of practices and philosophies that work on fast, efficient and customer satisfaction focused software delivery. Associated with Agile, this style has been widely adopted by software developers and teams spread all over the world.

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DevOps engineers always work with teams that put these principles into practice, they will participate in product development through to quality assurance (QA) testing and eventual deployment.

Professionals in this field should have a wide range of skills, such as programming, integration, scripting, QA testing, and many more. They also need to mix theory and practice to support and work with other team members, which usually includes software developers and QA professionals.

Security Engineering

With all the professionals working in accordance with the above types, it will feel less if a program or application does not have an adequate security system. Everyone knows how important security in software is in today’s era, for that reason a security software professional will be fully dedicated to ensuring security in various technology systems.

They should have a lot of knowledge about the methodologies, practices, tools and patterns that cybercriminals commonly use to hack software, so that security engineering can help prevent these attacks from happening.


From all that we have mentioned above, it is by no means an exhaustive list of all types of software development. But at least those are some of the most important types in software development. Through professionals who are experts in their respective fields, project work can be carried out effectively so that it is able to create high-quality products, both web, programs, and certain applications.

By knowing the types, functions, and life cycles of software development, you will better understand the best way to recruit a team or even create your own product, whether program, application, or web that you want.

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